The world’s first truly integrated propulsion system (IPS) for jetliners is one step closer to entering commercial service following the maiden flight of COMAC’s initial production C919 for an airline customer.
The C919 flight milestone occurred on May 14 from Shanghai’s Pudong International Airport with the seventh C919 completed to date, which will be delivered to China Eastern Airlines for its OTT Airlines regional subsidiary. The six previously-built C919s have been used for COMAC’s flight test and certification program, operating from four locations across China – including Pudong International Airport, which is adjacent to the C919’s final assembly line.
Middle River Aerostructure Systems has a key role in the C919’s IPS through the company’s Nexcelle joint venture with Safran Nacelles. Nexcelle developed the innovative nacelle system for the IPS – which provides operational improvements that include lower fuel consumption, reduced noise levels and facilitated maintenance.
The C919 is powered by two LEAP-1C turbofan engines produced by CFM International. To create the highly integrated propulsion system for the jetliner, CFM International has worked closely with Nexcelle and its parent companies, beginning with the IPS’ development and continuing through its production.
Nexcelle’s parent companies prepare for the C919’s service introduction
The Nexcelle joint venture also has provided continued support during the C919’s flight test and certification phase through its MRAS and Safran Nacelle parent companies, with preparations now underway to support the COMAC twin-engine airliner when it enters commercial service.
Nexcelle produces the nacelle, the thrust reverser, and exhaust system for the integrated propulsion system, while CFM International (a 50/50 joint company between GE and Safran Aircraft Engines) builds the LEAP-1C engine. This powerplant, with a fan diameter of 77 inches, delivers a maximum takeoff thrust of 31,000 pounds.
Innovating nacelle design with the O-Duct thrust reverser
One of the LEAP-1C nacelle’s key innovations is its innovative translating O-Duct thrust reverser. This one-piece composite O-Duct replaces the two-piece “D” doors on traditional thrust reversers, enhancing the internal airflow path and improving fuel consumption – while also increasing thrust reverser efficiency when deployed.
Deployment of the O-Duct is performed with an evolved electrical thrust reverser actuation system (ETRAS). The ETRAS replaces heavier hydraulics typically used in thrust reversers and improves maintainability.
Other Nexcelle innovations on the LEAP-1C nacelle are the fan cowl – which is structurally integrated to the engine, along with an integrated mounting system for the nacelle that reduces engine distortion and enhances on-wing performance.
Nacelle design features for lower weight and reduced noise
The nacelle also incorporates the extensive use of lightweight and state-of-the-art noise-attenuating composite materials, benefitting from the Nexcelle joint venture parent companies’ proven experience in their respective nacelle and thrust reverser product lines.
Also included in the nacelle system’s technological advances is its low-drag front end that incorporates an air inlet with a one-piece lip skin – the largest of its kind to enter production on a higher-thrust commercial jet engine, improving airflow and contributing to lower noise.
Additionally, this inlet has a directed flow nozzle deicing system, which more efficiently swirls engine bleed air within the inlet lip, thereby providing weight, efficiency and maintainability improvements from traditional nacelle deicing systems.
The workshare for MRAS and Safran Nacelles
Based on Nexcelle’s work-sharing arrangement with its two parent companies, Safran Nacelles has the C919 nacelle system’s lead industrial role and supplies the O-Duct thrust reverser. Safran Nacelles also brings its ETRAS expertise for use in the O-Duct’s deployment.
MRAS is responsible for supplying the nacelle’s inlet, fan cowls, inner fixed structure and engine mounts.